China's four famous show 'Yue Embroidery'
Embroidery is one of the outstanding traditional Chinese traditions and has a long history. China is the world's first discovered and used the earliest countries of silk, as early as four or five thousand years ago has begun to sericulture, reeling. Because of this, silk with the production and development of the conditions, embroidery technology is also accompanied by the rise. The following are the same as the "
What exactly is "embroidery"? The following are the same as the "
Commonly known as "embroidery", is already processed in a good fabric to needle lead, in accordance with the design requirements for puncture, through the needle will be embroidered into a variety of patterns and colors of a skill. Information recorded in the following embroidery method:, color embroidery, embroidered embroidery, carved embroidery, patch embroidery, nail embroidery, cross stitch, embroidered embroidery, poke embroidery, embroidery, fish bone embroidery, contour embroidery , Nail line embroidery, and so on as many as ten. Due to the diversity of practices and geographical differences, and ultimately lead to diversification of embroidery style. The following are the same as the "
Embroidery as a region of a wide range of handicrafts, various countries, all ethnic groups through long-term accumulation and development, has its own strengths and advantages. In addition to Suzhou embroidery, embroidery, embroidery and embroidery embroidery, "the four famous embroidery", there are Beijing embroidery, Lu embroidery, Kaifeng embroidery, Ou embroidery, Hangzhou embroidery, embroidery, embroidery and other places embroidered, China's ethnic minorities Such as Uighur, Yi, Dai, Bu Yi, Kazakhstan, Yao, Miao, Tujia, Jingpo, Dong, white, strong, Mongolia, Tibet, also have their own characteristics of national embroidery. Four famous embroidery formed in the middle of the nineteenth century, it produced in addition to its artistic characteristics, another important reason is the result of commercialization of embroidery. As the market demand and embroidery origin of different embroidery handicrafts as a commodity began to form their own local characteristics, including the Soviet Union, Shu, Guangdong, Hunan four places selling products is particularly wide, so there are "four famous embroidery," said. Four famous embroidered with their own style, due to the embroidery techniques and geographical differences between each other, so the formation of a different style of embroidery. But their hands are very exquisite, delicate. The following are the same as the "
I am a Cantonese, although I will not embroidery, but I like embroidery. Look at those fine embroidery, give me a very shocking sense of shock. I can not believe that those fine embroidery is from a pair of small hands, really shocking. I have been deeply attracted by these traditional handicrafts. So I began to understand some of this knowledge, as well as this aspect of human history. Because I was flocked, so in this respect is not deep, but I still want to talk about my understanding of the Guangdong embroidery. The following are the same as the "
Guangdong embroidery is one of the famous traditional handicrafts in Guangdong, but also one of the unique crafts. The following are the same as the "
Guangdong embroidery or the most historical handicrafts in Guangdong, in the bustling Tang Dynasty, Guangdong embroidery was born, has been a thousand years of history. It is said to originate in the ethnic minorities - Li nationality, the formation of characteristics in the late Ming Dynasty. In the body to say, Guangdong embroidery has five characteristics, one with a variety of lines, in addition to silk, cashmere, but also with the hole-feather twist floor for the line, or with a tail wrapped around the line. Second, with bright color, contrast strong, emphasizing gorgeous effect. Three is the use of gold thread for the contours of embroidery patterns. Fourth, decorative patterns harassment full, lively and cheerful. Commonly used birds Chaofeng, seafood fish, bergamot fruits and a kind of local characteristics of the subject matter. Five is embroidered for male workers as the office. But also the majority of men in Guangzhou and Chaozhou, which is rare for the world. (So now Guangdong embroidery is also divided into a wide embroidery and tide embroidery two
school. Embroidered and embroidered embroidery also has a certain difference, wide embroidery, including silk embroidery, line embroidery, beaded embroidery and embroidered embroidery and other four categories of embroidery, with a full composition, the image of vivid, clear texture, color and rich, Good at changing artistic features. Silk velvet embroidery to silk for the embroidery material, the performance of strong, is the longest history, the most complete heritage of the Guangdong embroidery varieties; gold and silver thread embroidery needle unique, flat embroidery, embroidery, around the embroidery, embroidery , Embroidered embroidery, brocade, and other seven categories of more than 60 kinds; bead embroidery is a new variety of embroidery, the last few decades by the wide embroidery artists development and application. The tide embroidery also has some unique characteristics, especially in the needle. There are more than 60 kinds of nail needle and more than 40 kinds of cashmere embroidery needle method; the process of nail gold embroidery, velvet embroidery, line embroidery Three categories; materials are silk, gold thread, cashmere, silver line, cotton, paper Ding and so on. Tide embroidery in the "pad, floating, hook, Le, pass" embroidery process is still still manual operation. The most special place is in the Ming Dynasty Jiajing years to create a "convex" approach. Blister is made of cotton, feathers or scraps of paper and other materials in the embroidered surface, the embroidered mat into a convex surface, and then gold, silver cashmere Seiko embroidery, embroidered out of the finished product pattern raised, very rich three-dimensional. ) Guangdong embroidery varieties are not rich, the main
Used in daily necessities, such as the face, pillowcases, bedspreads, shawls, scarves, Taiwan curtains, embroidered clothes, shoes and hats, jersey, etc., there are mirror, hanging, banners and so on. The following are the same as the "
The development of Guangdong embroidery. The following are the same as the "
According to the existing analysis of the works of Guangdong embroidery, it's needle short, rich colors, vivid patterns. Yongzheng, Qianlong period had the amount of marketing in Europe and the Middle East countries, was specifically for the export of goods workshop. Guangdong embroidery with color and rich too Suzhou embroidery, and more attention to light and shadow changes. According to legend, in two or three centuries ago, Guangdong is also popular "leather gold embroidery" is a kind of silk embroidery. The bottom with leather and gold as set off despite the golden flash, very beautiful. In addition to Guangzhou embroidery artists also created a lot of new embroidery methods, the same wonderful. To the Qing Dynasty Guangdong embroidery has been an unprecedented development, which is the prosperous period of Guangdong embroidery. Especially in the Qing Dynasty after the implementation of the policy of closed-door policy, Guangzhou, as the only one of the Qing Dynasty trade port, Guangdong embroidery has the absolute development advantages, which also makes Guangdong embroidered famous foreign, the same period, Guangzhou also set up embroidery line "Fairview" and franchise embroidery exports Of the line, as well as in Guangzhou and Chaozhou started to improve the embroidery skills of the College, making the development of Guangdong embroidery to the peak. At this time regardless of the skills or forms have developed to a certain height. It may be the peak of the period so far. The contemporary situation with the production of globalization, machinery production has long been replaced by manual production, embroidery of this handicraft seems to have recently begun to be diluted, and now we see "embroidery" mostly from mechanical produ
ction, pure hand seems to have been out of the market, Is extremely difficult to see. But in my opinion these valuable intangible culture is nothing to replace. Although the mechanical production, whether it is exquisite or production speed are greatly beyond the manual production. But it can not replace embroidery this hand craft, because it is not just business, he is a culture is a kind of art. He can not be fully commercialized. The value of culture and art is not measured by money, and it is wrong to do so. Because this is an art, art can never use money to insult it, and he is also a culture, no one will use money to measure a culture. So embroidery can not be replaced! Some time ago, I saw on a television program such an event, a wide embroidery of the descendants said: now wide embroidery is already numbered, and these will be embroidered people are elderly, What does that mean? This is a crisis, which means that the wide embroidery will face the crisis of loss. See this, I was scared. I am thinking about why such a good culture and arts actually face it lost it. I really do not understand why contemporary young people will give up this culture and art? Because they are not interested or because the contemporary people pay too much attention to it? Perhaps both are. But I have to be sad about this phenomenon, because I really like this embroidery. I hope that these traditional arts and culture can be protected and developed by the government. Do not let it be our regret, so that we can feel these fine hand embroidery.